Category Archives: Justification

The Instrospective Conscience of the West

Krister Stendahl’s 1963 essay The Apostle Paul and the Instrospective Conscience of the West was a clear foreshadowing to the modern New Perspective on Paul movement. Stendahl’s controversial article is available here. Stendahl concludes: Thus, the theologian would note that the Pauline original … Continue reading

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Making Righteous

“Augustine often states that justification includes the idea of ‘making righteous,’ not simply ‘declaring/reckoning’ as righteous.” How closely does Augustine anticipate Martin Luther? McGrath emphasizes an important distinction: Augustine has an all-embracing transformative understanding of justification, which includes both the event … Continue reading

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Marcionism and the Justification Debate

Marcion argued that the works of believers will not be weighed by God in the final judgement. Origen objects, and argues that faith and good works are ‘two complementary conditions of salvation that must not be separated.’ And what is … Continue reading

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